File grunt of frail chief election commissioner TN Sheshan.
Whereas the Election Fee (EC) has been underneath the scanner, particularly since the Lok Sabha elections in May maybe well well presumably, over its perceived failure to substantiate violations of the Model Code of Behavior and be sure that a diploma playing self-discipline for the ruling and opposition events, history tells us that it has sufficient powers to curb the cash vitality, muscle vitality and other irregularities as demonstrated by its tenth Chief Election Commissioner TN Seshan.
Seshan, who passed away at his attach in Chennai on Sunday extinct 86, proved to be the most effective ringmaster of the gargantuan Indian electoral circus in a country the attach nearly 90 crore voters will exercise their franchise this 365 days.
He made the EC highly effective inner the existing licensed pointers and pleading for electoral reforms, a few of his successors like SY Quereshi and Linghdo also demonstrated their resolution to act.
Appointed by Top Minister Chandrashekhar, Seshan served as a dreaded CEC from 1990 to 1996. He became once cited as a lustrous example of what a CEC desires to be. Even the Supreme Court docket once told the Fee to aspire for the roughly credibility it enjoyed all the way thru Seshan’s days.
Why invent folks take into accout a CEC who became once being described as a maverick? Seshan’s story is indeed curious.
An IAS topper of the 1955 batch, he had once told an interviewer. “I had never performed an election. I went with two principles: zero lengthen and nil deficiency.”
He adopted both at some level of his tenure. He wielded the large stick and accomplished the election manual in letter and spirit. Due to his strict insurance policies he became once even known as “Al Seshan.”
About a of his huge achievements consist of implementation of the election route of and the Model Code of Behavior, introduction of voter ID playing cards, enforcing limits on pollexpenses, and elimination of several malpractices like distribution of liquor, bribing voters, ban on wall writing, use of loud speakers, use of religion in election speeches etc.
He launched election observers and also forced the candidates to support valid accounts of campaign expenses.
Seshan took many plucky measures. Shall we embrace, underneath his strict survey, a serving Governor who campaigned for his son had to resign. The Chief Secretary of UP became once taken to process for issuing an advertisement in a newspaper at the value of public exchequer.
He instantaneous to Top Minister PV Narasimha Rao to sack two of his ministers – Sitaram Kesri and Kalpanath Rai – for allegedly influencing the voters, but Rao did now not act. In 1992, the Left events even known as for his impeachment.
The evolution of the pollpanel has been somewhat curious. Whereas till 1989, it became once a single-member price, Top Minister Rajiv Gandhi made it exact into a multi-member one on October 16, 1989, as he became once now not somewhat ecstatic with the then Chief Election Commissioner and wished to clip his powers.
This had given the govt. sufficient rental to position its salvage nominees but they’d a extraordinarily short tenure most attention-grabbing till January 1, 1990.
Top Minister PV Narasimha Rao yet again made it exact into a 3-member price on October 1, 1993 and since then the multi-member panel has been in operation.
The quiz that arises then is: has the EC accomplished smartly previously seven a few years?
Whereas the successes have not been constant or uniform, the EC has performed 16 total elections in a free and gorgeous formula. On the opposite hand, it’s particular that there would possibly be want for extra electoral reforms and additional transparency.
Right thru the Lok Sabha elections held in May maybe well well presumably this 365 days, political events across the country were seen openly violating the pollcode, whether it became once the utilization of religion to substantiate votes, or Rajasthan Governor Kalyan Singh’s campaign to enhance Top Minister Narendra Modi or UP Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath’s describing the military as ‘Modi-ji ke sena.’ These indicated the ineffectiveness of the EC to salvage the political class.
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